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Depression is a mental disorder with more risk than it seems. Know the characteristics, causes and how to overcome them.

Everyone must have felt sad and down,but depression is a more serious condition. Depression is a mood disorder that causes individuals to feel sad and lose interest in the long run. It’s also called major or clinical depression that affects feelings, thoughts, behaviors and triggers a variety of emotional and physical problems.

When a person is depressed, it will be difficult to live a normal life. Various daily activities ranging from sleeping, eating, bathing, or working will be difficult. The World Health Organization says about 5% of adults suffer from depression, and women are more at risk. Not only sadness, depression can even trigger suicide.

Well, if Toppers are feeling sad and difficult to live life, see the explanation of depression below so that it can be resolved as early as possible!

Characteristics of Depression

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It’s important for Toppers to recognize the characteristics of depression early on in order to get treatment as quickly as possible. If you experience some of the following symptoms for two weeks throughout the day, you may have suffered from depression:

  • Feeling sad and anxious
  • Emptiness or continual despair
  • Irritability or frustration even for small things
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities
  • Sleep disorders, including insomnia or excessive sleep
  • Fatigue and lack of energy
  • Think, talk, or move more slowly
  • Anxiety and difficulty sitting still
  • It’s hard to concentrate, remember, or make decisions.
  • Changes in appetite and weight (may decrease or increase)
  • Often thinking about death or suicide
  • Physical problems, such as headaches, back, cramps, or digestive problems with no obvious cause and cannot be relieved through treatment

Causes of Depression

Depression can be caused by a variety of conditions. Reporting from Healthline and the Mayo Clinic,here are the common causes of depression:

  • Genetics and Family History. Genetic factors play an important role in the occurrence of major depression. A person’s chances of developing depression will increase three times if they have family or close relatives who also suffer from depression or other mood disorders.
  • Chemical disorders in the brain. Neurotransmitters are chemical compounds in the brain that naturally play a role in depression. Research shows changes in the function and effects of neurotransmitters can affect the neural circuits involved to regulate mood. This is what causes it to play an important role in depression and its treatment.
  • Hormone. A changing hormonal balance can trigger depression. These hormonal changes can occur during pregnancy, postpartum, perimenopause, menopause, or a number of other conditions.
  • Structure of the brain. If the frontal lobe of the brain is less active, there may be a greater risk of depression. However, to date, more research is needed to determine the mechanism of linking brain structure disorders to the incidence of depression.
  • Past trauma. Trauma is a condition in which an individual gives an emotional response to a bad event. Some events such as accidents, natural disasters, physical violence, or sexual violence can affect the way the body reacts to fear and stress.
  • Medical condition. Certain problems or diseases can cause depression, especially chronic diseases that cause quality of life disorders. These diseases include Parkinson’s, stroke, heart attack, and cancer.
  • Use of Substances. Substance or alcohol abuse risks causing depression in individuals.
  • Pain. Individuals who experience chronic pain or pain are significantly at risk of developing depression. For example, those who often experience recurrent headaches, back pain, and other conditions that cause prolonged pain.

How to Deal with Depression

Treatment of depression depends on the symptoms felt. Generally, depression can be treated with medication or therapy. However, if the symptoms of depression are felt severely, you may need to be hospitalized until symptoms improve.Here are some ways to treat depression:

  • Drugs

Your doctor or psychiatrist may prescribe antidepressant medications to relieve symptoms. Many types of antidepressants are available, ranging from atypical antidepressants, tricyclics, serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and so on. If you want to take it, discuss the main side effects first with your doctor or pharmacist.

  • Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is one of the treatment methods that have been proven to be effective to overcome the symptoms of depression or other psychiatric disorders. Psychotherapy or talk therapy gives sufferers the ability to cope with negative feelings. There are various types, namely cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), and psychodynamic therapy.

  • Other Therapies

In addition to the above therapies, there are alternative therapies that you can try as well, namely light therapy and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).

  • Treatment at the hospital

If the symptoms of depression are very severe, then hospitalization is needed. This treatment is done if the patient is unable to take good care of himself or when the patient already intends to hurt himself and others. Hospitalization is done until the mood is calmer and improved.

Prevention of Depression

depression, depression is
Picture: Unsplash

In order not to experience depression, there are several things that Toppers can do to prevent it, including:

  • Find an effective way tohandle stress. Remember that everyone has differences in dealing with stress, both because of work and other causes.
  • Exercise regularly, because this physical activity can improve mood and provide a calming effect on the brain system.
  • Maintain a good lifestyle and make sure to rest adequately.
  • Find friends or family for a comfortable and trusted place to vent if you are feeling difficult or facing a difficult time.
  • Do not hesitate and be embarrassed to get expert help if you already feel depressed.

When should I go to the doctor?

Immediately make an appointment with a doctor, psychologist, or psychiatrist if you already feel the symptoms of depression mentioned above. What’s more, if the symptoms are already causing real problems in daily activities, such as social relations, work, school, and so on.

If you are reluctant to seek treatment, try to talk first with friends or people you trust and love. However, if you still feel depressed, immediately do a professional examination.


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